Water rich with a high volume of minerals – most of all calcium and magnesium – is considered to be hard water. Although this type of water is perfectly safe for human health and everyday use – it is the main cause of the damage in the plumbing system as well as responsible for damage of sensitive home appliances such as washers and water heaters.
The hardness level range for soft water is between values 1 to 9 while hard water is measured by the values between 11 and 20 on the water hardness scale.
How Safe Is It To Use Hard Water?
We wouldn’t like you to think that either of the ends of scale for the water hardness is necessarily bad for human health. Minerals are essential for optimal human health and there isn’t anything wrong when it is consumed and used every day. With calcium in our bodies, we retain normal bodily functions and stimulate bone growth when we are growing up. Magnesium is essential for the health of the nervous system and it also stimulates normal heart function. Even at the end of the hard water scale, there is not enough volume of minerals that will do any harm to human health according to most scientific and medical studies.
You see, the minerals in the water are harmless on their own, however, when they dry up they create most of the plumbing problems. Hard water is the main cause of the buildup of limescale which is the main cause of plumbing malfunctions. Most of the time that the heater in your washing machine breaks is because of the scale buildup on the surface of the heater because of the hard water.
Luckily there are ways to completely prevent the damage caused by the high hardness levels of water. We can turn to efficient water softening process in order to decrease the volume of minerals in the tap water in our homes.
Ways of Getting Rid of The Hard Water
There are several ways to reduce the water from being hard and getting it to reach softness. By removing minerals, impurities and even chemicals, certain processes can purify water and make it soft. For drinking water, there are steps that are necessary in order to remove pollutants, bacteria and other contaminants before it’s safe for daily human use.
Ion Exchange System
Water hardness can be solved with ion exchange systems which will remove all mineral content as well as some of the heavier molecules such as metals from the water. This is an entirely passive process where the water passes through tanks that are using negatively charged resin beads which attract the positive ions from the metallic elements found in the tap water. Sodium ions take their place and what we get in the end is a purified water which is clear from any harmful metals such as iron and mercury just to name a few. Salt – free water softening systems use mineral crystallisation process in order to separate bigger particles from the water. They are then separated with ease and what remains is the soft water ready for home use.
Water Softening System
For those who use hard water, the best solution would be to get some of the available water softening systems. Investing in them will save you the trouble and repairs to your plumbing. This will save plenty of money that will go for the repairs of the damaged plumbing and some of the appliances over the years. These systems are easy to maintain and pay off for themselves during the time they are in use.